Back pain is a symptom of several different kinds of medical problems. It usually results from a problem with one or more parts of the lower back, such as the ligaments, muscle, nerves and the bony structure that make up the spine called vertebral bodies or vertebrae. It can also be as a result of a problem with nearby organs, such as the kidneys.
Back pain can affect people of different ages. It is usually common among adults between 35 and 55 years old. Specialists say that back pain is linked with the way bones, muscles and ligaments in our backs work and connect together.
Back pain symptom is mostly associated with pain or aches anywhere in the back. Sometimes the pain may spread all the way down to the buttocks and legs. Some back issues can cause aching in other parts of the body, depending on the nerves affected.
major symptoms of back pain can be associated with Weight loss, Elevated or high body temperature, Inflammation on the back, A recent injury, blow or strain to your back, urinating difficulty, uncontrolled or constant defecating, Numbness around the genitals, anus or buttocks.
Types of Back Pain
Back pain can be broken down into acute and chronic pain, they differ in form and function
The severity of acute pain is tied to the level of tissue damage. The body has a protective reflex to avoid this kind of pain: the reflex to pull back quickly after touching a sharp object.
Acute pain is a sign of injured or diseased tissue; when the underlying problem is cured, the pain goes away. Acute pain is a form of nociceptive pain. Chronic pain, on the other hand, does not serve a protective or other helpful biological function.
Instead, the nerves continue to transmit pain messages after the earlier tissue damage has healed. Neuropathy is a type of chronic pain.
Causes of Back Pain
Back pain is mostly caused by daily bad habits that stress and strain your muscles and joints.
- Failure to perform exercises, particularly abdominal strengthening exercises, may cause poor posture and increased low back pain. Poor posture can cause stress to muscles and put pressure on the spine leading to back pain.
- Back pain can arise as a result of trying to lift heavy objects and doing so incorrectly, Strenuous or vigorous physical exercise (if not done properly) and strenuous physical work.
- Smoking (mostly Nicotine) limits blood flow to the disks that cushion your vertebrae and increases the rate of degeneration. This loss of cushioning can cause back pain. Cigarette smoking also reduces calcium absorption and prevents the growth of new bone, leaving you with a bigger risk for osteoporosis (brittle, fragile bones) and slower healing after bone fractures, which can cause back pain.
- Cauda equina syndrome – the cauda equine is a bundle of spinal nerve roots that arise from the lower end of the spinal cord. People with cauda equine syndrome feel a dull pain in the lower back and upper buttocks, as well as analgesia (lack of feeling) in the buttocks, genitalia, and thigh. There are sometimes bowel and bladder function disturbances.
- Cancer of the spine – a tumor located on the spine may press against a nerve, resulting in back pain.
- Infection of the spine – if the patient has an elevated body temperature (fever) as well as a tender warm area on the back, it could be caused by an infection of the spine.
- Other infections – pelvic inflammatory disease (females), bladder, or kidney infections may also lead to back pain.
Studies have shown that eating habits that are good for your heart, weight and blood sugar are also good for your back. Some researchers have found that individuals who suffer from back pain are more likely to have clogged arteries to the spine than healthy control subjects.
Healthy circulation brings nutrients to the spine and eliminates waste. Inflammation may occur if this doesn’t happen, and inflammatory chemicals in the back can cause nerves to send pain signals to the brain.
Remedies for Back Pain
Majority of back pain cases resolves itself without medical help.
- Careful attention and home treatments like Applying a hot compressor, or an ice pack to the affected area may also relieve pain.
- Exercises and stretches are important activities for a back pain reliever. Other activities like walking, swimming, yoga, and Pilates may also be helpful.
- Some back Pain can be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers or common anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen etc.
- Getting enough restorative sleep can help relieve back. Studies have shown that approximately two-thirds of people with chronic back pain suffer from some sort of sleep disorder.
- Paradoxically, inadequate sleep can worsen your back pain. This vicious cycle makes it futile in the t treatment of back pain.
Prompt physical therapy for recent-onset low back pain resulted in statistically important improvement in disability compared to normal care, but the improvement was modest and did not achieve a difference considered clinically important at the individual patient level, according to a new research.
Back pain wears an individual down, draining their energy and sapping their motivation. They sometimes attempt to limit social interaction in an effort to lessen stress and to decrease the amount of energy they have to spend reacting to their environment.
Individuals with chronic back pain develop depression-like symptoms: lack of interpersonal interaction, trouble concentrating on simple tasks, and the desire to simplify their life as much as possible, which often shows as seeking isolation and quietness
Back pain can cause a sleep disorder. Rest and sleep are always compromised. There no longer is a correct or suitable way to rest or sleep well. The only certainty is the need for more of it.
back pain have resulted in less sex, less satisfying sex, and increased relational difficulties with one’s sexual partner, an online studies have shown that: 72% of sexually active respondents stated they had sex less frequently than before their back pain began, 70% of respondents found their sex life less satisfying since the beginning of their back pain and 61% of respondents indicated that back pain had made their relationship with their partner more difficult.