bad postureFitness & Exercise

What Can Cause Bad Posture?

Poor or bad posture is the posture that results when certain muscles are tightened up or shortened while others lengthen and become weak. This often occurs as a result of one’s daily activities.

In other words, postural dysfunction or poor posture is when one’s spine is positioned in unnatural positions, in which the curves are emphasized, resulting in the joints, muscles and vertebrae being in stressful positions. This prolonged poor positioning subsequently results in a buildup of pressure on the tissues of the body.

A great number of people across the world are affected by poor posture but are not sure about the circumstances that led to bad posture, and many people suffer from the negative effects of bad posture and yet do not change the factors of their lives which cause them the problem.

Unfortunately, there are numerous factors encountered in real life that can result in bad posture, and for many of us, it is the consequence of dealing with gravity on a day to day basis. For others, it can be as a result of injury, a disease or via genetics (hereditary).

Possible Reasons Why You May Have Bad Posture


Poor posture can be hereditary in the sense that it can be passed down to generations, and individuals whose family tree has a history of bent backs, for example, might develop poor posture simply due to genetics.

For such individuals, no matter how much they try to hold their posture in the correct way, their genes may prevent them from being able to improve their posture. Such people may need medical and professional assistance.


Shoes and clothing can have a marked impact on an individual’s posture. Heavy set ladies who usually walk on high heels are significantly more prone to having posture-related problems. Wearing certain things such as tight clothes, wide belts, and oversized boots can also lead to bad posture as well.

It is thus recommended that individuals only wear clothes and shoes that are comfortable, unlike high heeled shoes or wide belts that can change an individual’s center of gravity, which subsequently affects, and causes their posture to suffer.


Obesity is one of the leading contributing factors to bad posture. Carrying extra weight, particularly around the abdominal area, will cause the lower back to pull forward as a result of the weight of the stomach. In fact, a bad posture that is caused by obesity is scientifically known as Pendulous Abdominis.

Injury and Muscle Guarding (Soft Tissue Pain)

After an injury occurs, nearby muscles begin to guard the vulnerable area, making the Muscles adjacent to the injury to work in a diminished way in order to keep the affected part stable and free from re-injury. This function is necessary but causes those muscles to weaken.

The imbalance between such muscles that guard an injury and the normal, working muscles can cause aberrations in body posture. An example of this would be someone compensating for a sprained ankle by putting more weight on the other foot, resulting in an off-balanced posture.

Disease and Nutritional State

Just like every muscle and organ in the body, bones need an adequate amount of nutrients in order for it to grow and remain straight. Also, the extended presence of disease, dehydration, and malnutrition can lead to conditions that directly affect the skeletal system.

These structures provide strength and flexibility needed for body support and movement, so keeping them malnourished may be one component that negatively affects posture development.

Programmed Habit (Like Slouching In a Chair)causes-of-bad-postur

Some individuals can develop poor posture, simply due to programmed habit. For example, people who usually slump or fall their shoulders can cause their posture to pull from its paper alignment. One of the leading contributing factors to poor posture is slouching, especially in a chair.

The whole concept of sitting slumped tends to feel significantly more comfortable than if you were to sit upright because it essentially requires less effort from the body and muscles, and as a result of that, those people who slouch in chairs, tend to adopt this position over time.

Muscle Tension and Muscle Weakness

Just as in the case of an injury, if there is an area in the body that is extra weak or strong, it will not be held upright against gravity in the most effective manner. This can result in poor posture and pain.

Mental Attitude and Stress

Stress can lead to a decrease in normal breathing, which in turn can take its toll on the body posture, being that the two are often linked.

Job or Mean of Livelihood

It is well known that people who work office jobs tend to develop hunched backs over time, which arose from the fact that individuals who work desk jobs, typically push their head and neck forward as well as to hunch their shoulders, throughout their workday. These factors can lead to an inability to keep the spine aligned over the years, and thus result in poor posture.




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