Urine is produced by the kidneys to help eliminate excess waste as your body digests food and uses nutrients. This is to maintain the body’s fluid and acidity balance.
The kidneys filter the blood removing waste and alter the composition of the waste, and it mostly contains excess water that was used to help break down the nutrients into products that your body could use. Thus, the urge to urinate and some of the products removed from the blood cells are urobilin, which gives your urine it’s yellow coloring.
What Causes The Urge To Pee But Nothing Comes Out?
There are multiple causes for this issue and Urinary Tract Infections, Pregnancy and kidney stones are the most common causes.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common type of infection caused by bacteria (germs), and children, teens, women, and men can all get UTIs.
A urinary tract infection happens when bacteria gets inside your bladder, usually through your urethra (the opening where your urine comes out), and the most common kind of UTI is a bladder infection, which is called cystitis (sis-ti-tis).
If the infection affects your urethra, it is called urethritis (ur-e-thri-tis), and if your kidneys become infected, it is called pyelonephritis (pie-low-ne-fright-is).
Bacterial infection in the urinary tract creates inflammation and the individual becomes unable to urinate regularly, which in turn causes more irritation. The bladder and the urethra, when infected also cause the occurrence of a burning sensation.
Every time the bladder muscle expands and contracts even when the bladder is not full, one may have the sensation or urge to urinate. A UTI, when accompanied by pressure on the pubic bone or a burning sensation, can be highly annoying and constantly causes the urge to urinate but the urine does not come out.
Another common cause for this sensation in women is pregnancy, especially, during the first trimester of pregnancy. Hormonal changes can lead to sensations of needing to urinate.
Also, during the third trimester, the urge to urinate can return due to increasing pressure from the baby as it grows larger inside the uterus. Furthermore, women tend to retain more fluid during pregnancy, which can interfere with the urge to pee.
The excess salts and acids, which the kidney is unable to flush out from the body, can coagulate to form kidney stones. There are multiple reasons for the kidneys to have excess salts and acids, but the entire area of the urinary tract which links the kidneys to the bladder can be affected by kidney stones.
Many times, kidney stones take shape as the urine becomes extremely concentrated and allows the minerals to crystallize and form small stones, which are very painful to pass.
A kidney stone may be present without showing any symptoms until they start to move around within the kidney or into the urethra. At that point, many symptoms start to appear.
Painful urination, fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, cramping below the back of the ribs and extreme pain between the groins and lower abdomen also point towards kidney stones, as well as the passage of pinkish, reddish, or brownish colored urine which is cloudy and stinky.
One may also experience the constant sensation to urinate, where nothing comes out. Drinking lots of water generally prove to be helpful in getting rid of the urinary tract infection and small kidney stones.
For severe infections, one needs to visit a doctor and get some antibiotics prescribed in order to eliminate the UTI. If the kidney stones become very large in size and create complications, then the individual needs to take prescribed pain-relieving medicines to ease the pain or even resort to surgery.
For men, an urge to pee can be the result of a swollen or enlarged prostate, which puts increased pressure on the bladder, causing the urge to pee before the bladder is full. This results in very little urine being passed.
Enlarged prostrates are usually due to age, and it can create an uncomfortable urge to pee.
Other Causes for The Urge To Urinate
Although kidney stones and UTIs are the most common causes, there are other reasons too why one may have the sensation to urinate urgently and frequently. These are:
- Urinary tract damage.
- Consumption of excess liquid (alcoholic and caffeinated beverages).
- Intake of diuretics.
- Infection in the vagina.
- Bladder infection
- Over-activity of the bladder.
- Stress and anxiety.
- Increased pressure on the bladder
- Infection or enlargement of the prostate.
- Tumors and cancer
- Nervous system disorders like a stroke.
- Radiation therapy in the pelvic area.
Treatment And Preventative Measures
If you’re experiencing a frequent urge to pee and nothing is coming out, your doctor will order a urinalysis to determine whether or not you have a UTI.
The urinalysis will check to see, among other things, if there’s bacteria or an infection in your urine, and if you have a UTI, your doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics to treat and cure the condition.
For pregnant women, the urge to urinate should subside about six weeks after giving birth. In the meantime, performing kegel exercises will help strengthen the pelvic floor and assist with the frequent feeling or urge to pee.
Treatment for men with an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia-BPH) can be worked out with your doctor, and a combination of medication and bladder training can help get any uncomfortable bladder activity under control.
Other treatments and preventative measures to consider include:
- Wear loose-fitting clothing, and underwear.
- Take warm baths to soothe the sensation of the urge to pee.
- Drink more fluids, and avoid caffeine, alcohol, and other diuretics.
- Urinate before and after sexual activity to decrease risks of a UTI.
Seek immediate medical attention if you have any of the following symptoms along with the constant urge to urinate:
- There is blood in your urine
- You have cloudy urine o
- Your urine stinks
- You are fatigued, or feverish.
- There is a pain in your abdomen
- Discharge from penis or vagina
- Loss in weight
- Increased hunger and thirst