High blood pressure (hypertension) happens when your blood pressure rises to an unhealthy level. Blood pressure measurement takes into account the quantity of blood that passes through the blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood encounters while the heart pumps blood.
The thinner your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure will be, and over time, increased pressure can cause health problems such as heart disease.
Persons suffering from high blood pressure, have their hearts working harder than normal to pump blood through their body. Although a healthy artery is made of semi-flexible muscle, the force of high blood pressure can lead it to overstrain its walls.
This overstraining can lead to tiny breaks in blood vessels (vascular scarring), which can lead to a big risk of blood clots and the weakening of the wall.
Tissue damage from oxygen depletion occurs in this parts of the arteries on the other side of a blockage, denying it of freshly oxygenated blood, and heart attacks and strokes are the possible outcomes if the pressure rises further.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
No one can tell exactly what causes high blood pressure, and there may be no particular cause for your high blood pressure. But we do know that your daily lifestyle can affect your risk of developing hypertension.
You are at a greater risk for hypertension if you:
- eat much salt
- have not been active enough or exercising;
- not eating enough fruit and vegetables;
- Drink much alcohol
There are some other reasons that can increase your risk of developing high blood pressure. Such factors include:
- Age: the older you grow; the cumulative effects of living unhealthily can build up, therefore, increasing your chances of getting a high blood pressure.
- Family background: people are at greater risk of getting high blood pressure if other members of their family have, or have had it.
- Other disorders: Some individuals may have hypertension that is related to another medical condition, such as kidney problems. For these individuals treating the medical problem may lower their blood pressure.
Natural Remedies For Lowering High Blood Pressure
Reduce Salt Intake
Salt intake is not the issue but its chemical composite sodium. When it comes to high blood pressure, a little bit is okay, but too much sodium deters the balance of fluid in the body.
To remove the excess salt from your system, water is extracted from surrounding tissues, and results in the heart working harder to pump the blood, hence the result, high blood pressure.
An Intensive study has shown that the more salt an individual eat, the more he/she need more salt.
Nothing can replace what exercise does for the entire body, and not just the heart. The heart is a muscle and like all muscles, it grows stronger with exercise.
Exercise makes it easier for the heart to pump blood with less effort. This keeps your heart in good condition and lowers how much force or pressure it exerts on your veins, thus reducing high blood pressure.
Steady physical activities, at least 25 minutes most days of the week can reduce your blood pressure by 4 to 9 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), and it’s essential to be consistent because if you stop exercising, your blood pressure can build up again.
The best forms of exercise for lowering blood pressure include:
- Swimming or dancing.
- Strength training also aid in reducing blood pressure
Watermelon contains an organic compound, citrulline, which can be converted to the amino acid L-arginine on ingestion. L-arginine is a precursor to nitric oxide. Citrulline found in watermelon- is converted into arginine, an important chemical building block-which causes the production of nitric oxide, that help regulates how hard your blood gets pumped through your entire body (also known as vascular systematic resistance).
It also helps widen the blood vessels, which reduces vascular resistance, an important factor that help lowers blood pressure.
Potassium helps the body get rid of salt (sodium) and reduce or ease pressure on the blood vessels. To get a good balance of potassium to sodium in your diet, you should pay more attention to eating more fresh foods.
Foods that are particularly high in potassium are
- Vegetables, (especially leafy greens tomatoes, potatoes, and sweet potatoes).
- Fruit, including melons, bananas, avocados, oranges, and apricots.
- Dairy such as milk and yogurt, Tuna and salmon,
- Nuts and seeds and Beans
Eating these foods, especially, fresh fruits and vegetables, which contains potassium, can help reduce blood pressure.
Herbal Hibiscus Tea
A Research showed that participants who drank three cups of a hibiscus tea daily lowered systolic blood pressure by 7 points in 6 weeks on average.
The phytochemicals in hibiscus are probably responsible for the big reduction in high blood pressure, and many herbal teas contain hibiscus. Hibiscus works as a diuretic that draws sodium from the bloodstream, helping to reduce the pressure on the arterial walls.
- boil a cup of water put the hibiscus and cinnamon sticks (if using them)
- allow it to soak for 5 minutes
- Put honey or lemon to taste,
- Drink 2 to 3 times daily.
Relax and Learn to Stress Less
It’s essential to step away from our everyday responsibilities so we can relax and rest more. Stress can temporarily raise a person blood pressure, and too much stress can keep your pressure up for a long period of time.
It’s good to identify the cause for your stress. It could be a job, relationship, or finances. Once identified, you can try to find ways to fix the problem.
You can also take actions in a healthy way, like deep breaths, meditating, or yoga in relieving your stress.