Poor or bad posture usually results when certain muscles are tightened up or shortened while others lengthen and become weak. This often occurs as a result of one’s daily activities.
In other words, postural dysfunction or poor posture is when one’s spine is positioned in unnatural positions, in which the curves are emphasized, resulting in the joints, muscles and vertebrae being in stressful positions. This prolonged poor positioning subsequently results in a buildup of pressure on the tissues of the body.
A great number of people across the world are affected by poor posture but are not sure about the circumstances that led to bad posture, and many people suffer from the negative effects of bad posture. Yet, in spite of these statistics, most of these people do not change the factors of their lives which cause them the problem.
Unfortunately, there are numerous factors encountered in real life that can result in bad posture, and for many of us, it is the consequence of dealing with gravity on a day to day basis. For others, it can be as a result of the following:
- a disease or
- genetics (hereditary).
Possible Reasons Why You May Have Bad Posture
Poor posture can be hereditary in the sense that it can be passed down to generations, and individuals whose family tree has a history of bent backs, for example, might develop poor posture simply due to genetics.
For such individuals who might develop poor posture simply due to genetics, no matter how much they try to fix or hold their posture in the correct way, their genes may prevent them from being able to achieve that. Such people may need medical and professional assistance.
Shoes and clothing can have a significant impact on one’s posture. Chubby or heavy set ladies who usually walk on high heels are more prone to having posture-related issues. also, wearing certain fashionable materials such as tight clothes, wide belts, and oversized boots can also lead to bad posture.
It is thus recommended that individuals only wear clothes and shoes that are comfortable, unlike high heeled shoes or wide belts that can change an individual’s center of gravity, which subsequently affects, and causes their posture to suffer.
Obesity is one of the leading contributing factors to bad posture. Weighing too much, and carrying extra weight, especially, around the abdominal area, will cause the lower back to pull forward as a result of the weight of the abdomen (stomach). In fact, a bad posture that is caused by obesity is scientifically known as Pendulous Abdominis.
Injury and Muscle Guarding (Soft Tissue Pain)
After an injury occurs, nearby muscles begin to guard the vulnerable area, making the Muscles adjacent to the injury to work in a diminished way in order to keep the affected part stable and free from re-injury. This function is important, however, it causes those muscles to get weaken, and dependency might occur.
Meanwhile, the loss of communication or the imbalance between such muscles that guard an injury and the normal, working ones can cause changes in body posture. For example, someone who has sprained his ankle will try to minimize pain by putting more weight on the other good foot, resulting in an off-balanced posture.
Disease and Nutritional State
Just like every muscle and organ in the body, bones need an adequate amount of nutrients in order for it to grow and remain straight. Also, the extended presence of disease, dehydration, and malnutrition can lead to conditions that directly affect the skeletal system.
These structures provide strength and flexibility needed for body support and movement, so keeping them malnourished may be one component that negatively affects posture development.
Programmed Habit (Like Slouching In a Chair)
Some individuals can develop poor posture, as a result of programmed habit. For example, people who usually slump their shoulders can cause their postural alignment to pull from its ideal alignment. One of the leading contributing factors to poor posture is slouching, especially in a chair.
Sitting slumped tends to feel more relaxing than if you were to sit upright. This is mostly because it essentially requires less effort from the body and muscles. Thus, those people who slouch in chairs, tend to adopt this position over time.
Muscle Tension and Muscle Weakness
Just as in the case of an injury, if there is an area in the body that is extra weak or strong, it will not be held upright against gravity in the most effective manner. This can result in poor posture and pain.
Mental Attitude and Stress
Stress can lead to a decrease in normal breathing, which in turn can take its toll on the body posture, being that the two are often linked.
Job or Mean of Livelihood
It is well known that people who work office jobs tend to develop hunched backs over time, which arose from the fact that individuals who work desk jobs, typically push their head and neck forward as well as to hunch their shoulders, throughout their workday. These factors mentioned above can lead to an inability to keep the spine aligned over the years, with the resultant effect of a poor posture.