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Urinary Tract Infection: Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies And Antibiotics


A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary system, like the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes (organisms are too small to be seen without a microscope), and most of the urinary tract infections usually involve the lower urinary tract, the bladder, and the urethra.

Most urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria, while some can also be caused by fungi and in a few cases by viruses.

A UTI can happen anywhere in your urinary tract, although upper tract UTIs are rarer than lower tract UTIs, they’re also usually more severe.

UTIs are common, but, if an infection does occur, it is important to seek medical help, as soon as possible, as this can prevent further complications from occurring.

Causes of Urinary Tract Infection

UTIs are most times caused by bacteria that infect the urinary tract and can happen for different reasons. For example, bacteria may pass into the urinary tract during sex, or after making use of the bathroom.

Some other times, UTIs can be associated with other conditions, like kidney stones may block the urinary tract, and result in infections.

There are also many factors that can put you at an increased risk of getting a urinary tract infection. These factors include:

  • Age: the older you are, the more likely to get UTIs
  • Prolonged bed rest
  • kidney stones
  • having suffered a previous UTI
  • urinary tract obstructions or blockages, such as an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, certain forms of cancer, etc
  • Prolonged use of urinary catheters. This may make it easier for bacteria to get into your bladder
  • chemotherapy
  • diabetes
  • pregnancy
  • abnormally developed urinary structures from birth
  • a weakened immune system

Symptoms of UTIs

To identify a UTI, watch out for the following symptoms:

  • A burning feeling when you urinate
  • A frequent or intense urge to urinate,
  • Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen
  • Cloudy, dark, bloody urine
  • strange-smelling urine
  • Feeling tired
  • Fever or chills (a sign of the infection is getting complicated and may have reached your kidneys)
  • Pelvic pain, especially in women
  • Rectal pain in men

Home Remedies of Unitary Tract Infection

Drink A Lot Of Water

This is one of the most important things you can do since water helps flush out bacteria, and secondly, it gives you something to actually push out when you urinate.

Many home remedies for urinary tract infections are drinks. You should always be flushing fluid through your system in other to help it get rid of the nasty bacteria.

Drink six to eight 8-ounce glasses of water in a day, and it is important that medical advice is sought when deciding the amount to drink per day.

 Urinate When Necessary

A UTI can cause an individual to want to urinate more frequently than usual, even if there is nothing to release, and it can be tempting to shun urinating. However, urination can help to eject the bacteria that cause the infection, along with drinking more fluids. This can help ease symptom and quicken recovery

Herbal Teas to Help Relieve a UTI

Try using one of these tea blends to naturally provide relief from the discomfort:

Horsetail and Dandelion Tea

Horsetail works miracles when it comes to soothing UTIs, mostly because of its ability to tighten the swollen epithelial tissues with tannins. Tannin is an astringent found in bitter plant matter. Horsetail also eliminates toxins and bacteria in the urinary tract by thoroughly filtering through the kidneys and increasing the production of urine.

Dandelion also functions as a diuretic and stimulates the kidneys and bladder to increase the production of urine.

You will need:

  • 1tablespoon of dried horsetail,
  • 1 teaspoon dried dandelion
  • a cup of water and
  • Honey to taste (optional)


  • Put 1 tablespoon of dried horsetail and 1 teaspoon of dried dandelion in a mug or tea ball
  • Bring a cup of water to a boil and pour over the herbs.
  • Allow it steep for 10 minutes covered
  • Strain and drink.
  • Drink this twice every day, adding honey to taste as you’d like.

Marshmallow Root Tea

Marshmallow root prevents bacterial growth, and help clean the bladder. It sooth the urinary system, and is also effective at inhibiting bleeding in the urine. It is also a diuretic and can lead to an increase in the flow of urine.

You will need:

  • 1-2 tablespoons fresh or dried marshmallow root,
  • Cheesecloth (if you are doing fresh)
  • a cup of water and
  • Honey to taste (optional)


  • Chop 1-2 tablespoons of fresh marshmallow root,
  • Tie it up in a small square of cheesecloth.
  • Bring about 8-10 ounces of water to a boil.
  • Put the bundle of herb in a mug and cover with the hot water,
  • Allow it to stay for 10 minutes,
  • Add honey to taste if you’d like, and drink 2-3 times a day.

Ginger-Juniper berry Tea

Peppermint and ginger may help to reduce the acidity of urine which helps with the burning sensation that accompanies a UTI.  While Juniper berries act as a diuretic, stimulating the kidney and bladder and making it easier to urinate, the ginger reduces inflammation.

You will need:

  • a half teaspoons of dried juniper berries,
  • 1/3 cup of fresh mint leaves
  • 2 teaspoons of freshly grated ginger,
  • 4 cups of water and
  • honey and lemon slices for taste (optional)


  • Put together the water, berries, mint, and ginger in a pot.
  • Simmer for about 7-8 minutes, and then discard the solids.
  • Mix in about a tablespoon of honey (if you wish to sweeten it), and serve with a slice of lemon if desired.
  • Drink 2-3 times daily.

You should try these teas at the first signs of infection, for a better relieve, as there is almost nothing worse than struggling to urinate in pain.

Antibiotics for a UTI

The form of antibiotic used to treat a bacterial UTI usually depends on what part of the urinary tract is involved. Lower tract UTIs can usually be treated with oral antibiotics, while upper tract UTIs may require intravenous antibiotics (put directly into your veins).

Bacteria may build resistance to antibiotics, and the results from your urine culture can help your doctor select an antibiotic treatment that will work best against the type of bacteria that is causing your infection.

Other treatment options apart from antibiotics for bacterial UTIs, are being examined, and it is believed that at some point, treatment without antibiotics may be an option for bacterial UTIs by using cell chemistry to change the interaction between the body and the bacteria.




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